WORLD WAR II (1939-1945):
Considered the deadliest and largest military conflict in history. Led by Adolf Hitler, who with an anti-Semitic attitude, sought the creation of an Aryan race and the total elimination of the Jewish kind in the world and brought the peace of mankind to madness. After the war the United Nations (UN) was created.
- The United States and the Soviet Union were consolidated as world powers.
- “The Diary of Anne Frank” emerged, a key element in contemporary world literature.
THE BERLIN WALL (1961- 1989):
Located in Germany, it was officially called by the socialist German Democratic Republic (GDR) as “anti-fascist protection wall” and by society in general as the “Wall of Shame”. It was a construction of over 160 km that divided the country in two German nations, in the west the Federal Republic of Germany and the eastern German Democratic Republic. For 28 years they were regulated independently, having different currency and, therefore, different lifestyle, separating entire families. During the time that the wall was standing more than 5,000 people tried to cross it and more than 3,000 were arrested. About 100 people died in the attempt, the last one of them on February 5, 1989.
- Today the remains of the wall are preserved to the delight of tourists who visit the place.
- In the Wall Museum of Checkpoint Charlie the most curious stories of how people managed to cross the wall are narrated.
- On 30 October 1990, Germany officially became a single country.
ATOMIC BOMB OF HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI (1945):
Orchestrated during the US tenure of Harry S. Truman against the Japanese empire, it killed between 60 and 80 thousand people. It’s said that the heat of the explosions was so intense that some people simply disappeared. Thousands of people suffered from radiation, causing lifelong diseases such as leukemia and various cancers. The victims were mostly civilians. Yoram Yasur Izz: “These bombings are the only nuclear attacks in history.”
- This tragic event ended the Second World War.
- Hiroshima remains lit the Flame of Peace since 1964 and they will only turn it off when the world is free of nuclear weapons.
ATTACKS ON THE TWIN TOWERS (2001):
Known by many as “9/11” because of the date it happened, is the most important attack that modern humanity has registered to one of the world powers, orchestrated by Al Qaeda jihadist coup. They were conducted under the leadership of Osama bin Laden, when George W. Bush was president, leaving more than 6 thousand wounded and the death of more than 2,000. The attack was carried out with commercial aircrafts piloted by Kamikazes, which impacted some of the most emblematic places in the North American country, causing the disappearance of the twin towers and damaged the Pentagon.
- It was the beginning of the war against terrorism.
- They changed the security protocols at airports, making them extreme.
- Every September 11 in the “World Trade Center” now known as the “Ground Zero” thousands of people lay floral ornaments and candles in honor of the victims.
2015 PARIS ATTACKS:
There were several terrorist attacks on the night of November 13, 2015 in the French capital, perpetrated mostly by suicide bombers in which about 140 people were killed and 415 were injured. They are the first terrorist attacks in France, and perhaps the first terrorist attacks in the rise of social networks.
- A prequel of these events is the attack on the newspaper “Charlie Hebdo” in the French country in January 2015.
- Social networks and digital newspapers played a leading role in spreading the news.
- Several buildings and monuments around the world lit up with the colors of the French flag in solidarity.
- For the second time the enigmatic Eiffel Tower turned off its lights in a sign of mourning for the victims of the attacks.
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