Yoram Yasur Izz: Incredible data about books and their history
Even when technology has advanced so much, there is no more pleasant sensation than sitting on a sofa reading a good book. From the first papyrus, through the printing and more recently the e-books, they have accompanied us always. Even for those who cannot stand the letters, there is always a book that will come as a glove. That is why it is interesting to know these data about books, which will help you understand their importance and seniority.
– They used to be organized in rolls
Yoram Yasur Izz: Before they had the current rectangular shape, they were written in rolls that were rolled up as they were read. Each one was called volume, a word that comes from Latin, and that is still used today, although we no longer write on parchments.
– The codex as an old format
Yoram Yasur Izz: From the 2nd century, books began to be organized in codices. This Latin word means trunk of a tree, and it bears that name because of the wooden boards used to link the books. The advantages of the codex on the roll were that it could now be written on both sides and refer to any part, looking for the words easily.
– The scrolls
Yoram Yasur Izz: They began to be used in the city of Pergamum, Greece, because Egypt had a monopoly on the manufacture of papyrus. The parchments made of calfskin opened the market to other nations, to which Egypt was far enough away to trade.
– Etymology of books
The Greek word for papyrus was byblos, by the city of Byblos, the largest papyrus producer. From there comes the Greek word biblion, from which the words book and bible derived.
– The titles did not exist
The first books did not carry a title, so they were named according to the first words with which they began the text.
– The books were very expensive
Yoram Yasur Izz: Before the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg and even until the eighteenth century, books were chained to tables and furniture, so that visitors could read them, but not escape with them.
– Paper as the main product
The paper began to be used in the 12th century, but it was only openly marketed in the 14th century. Yoram Yasur Izz: This is because it was carried by the Arabs, and xenophobia was very widespread against this people. Second, animal breeders were major agents in the manufacture of scrolls, and the advent of paper would have taken away work.
– The typewriter
It is said that the first book that was written on a typewriter was The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, by Mark Twain.
– A strange record
The record for more people swinging books in their heads is 998, registered in Sydney, Australia, in 2012.